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Luke Chapter 21

  • Bible Study on Luke 

    Luke Chapter 21


    >> Click Here For Audio Version << 
     

    Luke 21 Outline:

    21:01-04 The widows gift.
    21:05-07 Not one stone upon another.
    21:08-11 The conflict of nations.
    21:12-19 Persecution.
    21:20-24 The destruction of Jerusalem.
    21:25-28 The coming of the Son of man.
    21:29-33 The fig tree.
    21:34-36 Be ready for His return.
    21:37-38 Teaching in the temple.


    Fun Facts:
    — Jesus taught in the temple in Jerusalem daily even though the religious leaders sought a way to kill Him (Luke 21:37).

    Study Notes:
    Luke 21:1-4 Jesus would sometimes sit opposite the treasury in the temple and watch the people put money into the offering box (Mark 12:41). Many who were rich put in large sums. Luke tells us that a poor widow came along while Jesus was there.

    The word poor here, pentichros, is only used here in the New Testament and means necessitous: — poor. A widow had very few ways of earning money in the first century. Woman were treated much differently then. They were usually in an arranged marriage by twelve or thirteen, were not educated, and once their husband and youth were gone, they lived a seriously hard life. A poor widow would have been the poorest of the poor.

    This poor widow put two small copper coins into the offering box. The coin was a “Lepta”, sometimes translated as “mites.” It was the smallest coin available and both together were only worth a fraction of a penny. It is said that worshipers were not allowed to give less than two lepta, so this was the minimum offering that could be given.

    It was all that she had and Jesus said that she gave more than all of the rest combined, because it is not how much you give, but how much that you keep for yourself. Rather than give nothing, she made a sacrifice and gave all that she had to God.

    That is amazing faith. We hear from people all the time that tell us that they are on a fixed income and cannot afford to give anything, ever. That is just another way of saying that they keep 100% for themselves. Yes, the truth hurts. If this is you, fight through the burn and keep reading.

    Trust God, give to His work and He will in turn provide new opportunities and take care of you. Jesus said “give and it will be given unto you” (Luke 6:38). Don’t, and it won’t. It is not rocket science. Sowing and reaping is a law of God that has been around since creation. Isaac sowed in a time of famine and reaped a one-hundred fold return (Gen. 26:12).

    God does not bless disobedience, laziness, or ignorance. He rewards the faithful and obedient that put their trust in Him. Whoever can be trusted with a little, can also be trusted with a lot. Whoever is dishonest with a little, will be dishonest with a lot (Luke 16:10). If you will not give to God now, you will not give if you had one-hundred times more. The poor widow did not make excuses and Jesus took notice.

    Luke 21:5-7 As they were leaving the temple one of them commented on the magnificent building. Josephus wrote that some of the stones of the temple were forty-five cubits (67 feet or 20.5 meters) long. The offerings refer to decorative gifts that decorated the area. Herod gave a golden vine with grape clusters as tall as a man. Jesus explains that it will be totally destroyed and not one stone left upon another.

    This happened in 70 A.D. When the Romans set fire to the temple and the gold melted and ran down between the stones. They pulled all the stones of the temple apart and used a plow over the area to gather as much of the gold as possible.

    Luke 21:8-24 The disciples asked Jesus when this would be and what the sign would be that preceded it. Luke makes it clear that up to verse 24, Jesus is speaking of events leading up to the fall of Jerusalem.

    His disciples would be hated just as Jesus was hated. Many would be killed, persecuted, thrown into prison, and brought before Governors. Jesus warned them that many false messiahs would come claiming to be Him, but His coming would be unmistakable. You will not have to look for Him, you will not be able to miss His coming.

    Verse 18 “Not a hair of your head will perish” sounds like a contradiction when some of them would be killed, but to me it points to God’s total control. God is in charge, His plan will come to pass, man can do nothing to eternally harm us, even if we die in His service it is merely a transition for us. Disciples of Jesus follow God Almighty regardless of the consequences and persevere to the end. Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego said it best when they told Nebuchadnezzar “Our God is able to deliver us from your hand, but even if He does not, we will not serve your god” (Daniel 3:16).

    During a war, people living in the country would come to live in the walled cities for protection. Jesus told them when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then flee to the mountains instead because the city would be destroyed.

    Jesus said these are the days of vengeance (22) to fulfill all that is written. What would happen to Jerusalem was not an accident, but that the long coming penalty of ignoring God had once again caught up with them.

    Jerusalem had already been sacked and the inhabitants carried off to Babylon in the book of Jeremiah. It was rebuilt during the lives of Ezra and Nehemiah. Now the city was restored, but backslidden again, and the city was going to be destroyed once again. The destruction of Jerusalem was a divine judgement from God.

    A siege was bad for everyone, but especially pregnant women and those with children. People would be starving to death during the coming siege and would eat their own children. 1,100,000 people were killed in the siege of Jerusalem and 97,000 more captured. In 70 A.D. Jerusalem was destroyed and Israel disbanded until modern times (1948).

    Luke 21:24 reads: “They will fall by the edge of the sword, and will be led captive into all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled down by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.” (Luke 21:24 WEB). There was no Israel from 70 A.D. until 1948.

    Luke 21:25 Now Jesus moves forward in time and speaks of His return. There will be signs in the sun, moon and stars. Anxiety, fear of what is coming, the powers of the heavens will be shaken. His followers are to look up, be encouraged, their redemption draws near. This is an exciting time.

    Luke 21:29 Jesus told a parable about the fig tree. When they begin budding you know that summer is already near. Jesus said that when you see all these things coming to pass, you would know that the Kingdom of God is near. “This generation will not pass away” is a bit vague but here are two thoughts: Jesus maybe speaking about the generation that is alive when these things begin to come to pass. When things begin to wrap up, it will progress quickly.

    A second line of thought is that “generation” may be the type of person that persists until the end. Compare Psalms 12:7 and Psalms 14:5. These speak of a type of generation that spans several lifetimes. Just something to make you scratch your head and say what.

    “You, O LORD, will keep them; you will guard us from this generation forever” (Psalms 12:7).

    “There they are in great terror, for God is with the generation of the righteous” (Psalms 14:5).

    Luke 21:34 Jesus wrapped up His speech by telling His disciples to live ready. He was speaking to His disciples when He said:

    “So be careful, or your hearts will be loaded down with carousing, drunkenness, and cares of this life, and that day will come on you suddenly. For it will come like a snare on all those who dwell on the surface of all the earth. Therefore be watchful all the time, asking that you may be counted worthy to escape all these things that will happen, and to stand before the Son of Man” (Luke 21:34–36 WEB).

    We are to live our lives ready to meet Jesus and if you are distracted, you may be caught off guard. When the time is up, it will be pencils down.

    Luke 21:37 Jesus taught in the temple every day, but at night He would go out to the Mount of Olives. The people returned each morning to the temple to hear Him speak. The Pharisees and priests plotted to kill Him, but could do nothing yet but watch and listen.

    Study Questions: (if your answers are very long, you may want to type them first in something like Notepad, which doesn't require an Internet connection, then copy and paste (Ctrl-A to select, Ctrl-C to copy, Ctrl-V to paste), to prevent mishaps. Also, there is a 3K character limit, so if they are super long, feel free to post more than once, and just answer a couple of questions at a time. You are welcome to post any questions you may have, as well. We look forward to your thoughts!)

    1. In Luke 21:1-4, Jesus praised the widow who sacrificed beyond her abundance in the offering. In what ways can we discern when it is time for us to make such sacrifices?

    2. In this chapter, Jesus foretells of wars, strife and persecution. What is the job of His people during these times and how can we carry it out?

    3. Jesus said that there would be persecution even from “parents and brothers and relatives and friends”. What can we do during such times for our family and friends?

    4. Jesus called for us to watch ourselves to keep from falling into traps like drunkenness and other sins. How can we strengthen ourselves from such temptations?


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17 comments
  • 2
Lorna Smetak
Lorna Smetak 2.) To be aware of for those that come in his name, individuals will persecute you. No matter how hard we may go through trials and tribulations we must still spread the gospel. 3.) Pray for them that they will hear the word and keep your faith/stand strong. 4.) Always be on guard with your surroundings if need be walk away and continue with reading the word and praying.
September 21, 2015
  • 2
Margaret Ponchel
Margaret Ponchel The poor widow loved the Lord so much that she determined to put her priorities straight and give. She put her trust in the Lord that He was a faithful God who had promised to provide for her. This leap of faith truly magnifies the Lord and even though the amount is looked on as minimal, the Lord will bless her mightily for her generosity. Her offering was from the heart. It was not in any way a means of gaining man's approval (far from it, those who saw would think the gift hardly worthy to bring to the treasury.) Jesus tells us that blessed are the poor...well, this poor widow showed more love than all of the rich men who gave of their riches.
September 21, 2015
  • 2
Kenneth Johnson
Kenneth Johnson GOODMORNING FAMILY AND FRIENDS  Daily praying for the LOVE AND GUIDANCE of OUR HEAVENLY FATHER is a must. I LOVE YOU LORD, use this heart of mine to be a great part of the LOVE and HAPPINESS in your willingness to help others through me. I give my tongue and soul to you guide me to you LORD that one day I will be home again. 
September 22, 2015
  • 2
Carolyn  Douglas
Carolyn Douglas Luke 21...Question 1.Honoring the Lord with our substance is something that happened starting in Genesis with Cain and Abel. There was another example of appropriate vs. inappropriate. Giving and generosity is a quality of worship that shows that we completely submit to the Lord in all things. I firmly believe that if the Lord owns our wallet then the Lord truly rules and reigns in the life of that person. Heaven misses nothing and this woman's gift is forever recorded in the Bible where all believers can read about her. She had no idea who was in the temple that day which makes her gift even more beautiful. The time to give such gifts to God is anytime that we receive something into our lives ...whether goods or money. 
September 22, 2015
  • 2
Roseanne Braverman
Roseanne Braverman I just want to tell you how much I enjoy your Bible Studies.  I appreciate all the time you spend to reseach and present the teachings clearly.  I so enjoy listening to you read the Word.  Thank you for your ministry.  May God continue to bless you and Sylvia and your family. 
September 22, 2015
  • 2
Cathy Webb
Cathy Webb Pastor Todd, the Lord is blessing the work you do to prepare these Bible studies. The time I spend each week with this study group and in God's word blesses me once, and then I find myself recalling the stories and lessons in situations throughout the next few weeks. The Lord brings your words and His words together for my guidance and support. Thank you so much for your diligence and faithfulness!
September 22, 2015
  • 2
Keeba Souto
Keeba Souto Question 1) i believe that we need to be in constant prayer in order to hear Gods voice. When we are connected spiritually, we are able to hear Gods voice and direction. Everything we have comes from above. It is only right to give back to our Lord and savior.
September 22, 2015
  • 2
Albert Chau
Albert Chau Q2,3. Despite of wars, strife, and persecution even from our own family, we must still bear testimony to Christ, "you will bear testimony to me" and "Stand firm, and you will win life." Wow... that's one tough act to follow, but the reward is life. Q4. Temptation is everywhere nowaday especially with the internet. We can only strengthen ourselves by "always on the watch, and pray that we may be able to escape."  I really enjoy these Bible Study and learn quiet a bit from Pastor Dion. Thank you. 
September 22, 2015
  • 2
Carolyn  Douglas
Carolyn Douglas Luke 21 Question 2...The responsibility we have is to live each day as if Jesus is coming that day and to share our faith with whatever influence that we have...To be an encouragement to other Believers as persecution increases ...to seek out the lost to tell them about Jesus and to pray daily for all the above 
September 23, 2015
  • 2
Carol Pady
Carol Pady 1. When we tithe generously the Lord sees and blesses us. 2. During times of trial we should be constant in prayer and give compassion to others. 3. We must pray for those who persecute us. 4. Avoid temptation and pray for His help to defeat it.
September 23, 2015
  • 2
Kathy Banfield
Kathy Banfield Question #1 As I am on a fixed income and depend on that monthly Ss check, I always pray before making my weekly contribution to my parish. Two weeks ago, the Spirit prompted me to give twice what I noramlly give, and it proved to be the exact amount I NEEDED to give, because i couldn't make it to church this past Sunday. I always pray before making my weekly donation.So far, the Spirit seems to be guiding me in the proper amount. #2 I feel we shouldn't dewll excessively on the 'end times'--so much literature has been written about the blood moons and the Tribulation and so forth. Yet Jesus reminded us that even He doesn't know when the end will arrive--only God knows for sure! So, why waste our time speculating? We really need to preach the Gospel and try to get God's Word out! #3 Live by Jesus' example. Each day, I pray to live more like Christ and less like me.Our example is what will prompt others to want to know the Lord better.#$ PRAY! Pray without ceasing. When I was in the throes of bulimia, I wondered what would happen if I was caught throwing up God appeared to make His final judgement! It wasn't a plesant thought. But God is giving us time to prepare, and we can only do that through prayer. God CAN change us. That's why the Twelve Step programs work so well.In Luke 21 verse 36, Jesus tells us to "pray always'--and that is the secret to sucess.
September 23, 2015
  • 2
Carolyn  Douglas
Carolyn Douglas Luke 21 Question 3 ...We should show unconditional love and seek to understand if it's possible to ...We should pray for reconciliation if there is brokenness and salvation if they are a non-believer. We must always work toward being merciful and showing Jesus in our encounters in order to maintain peace. We need to remember who our real enemy is and if people do not walk in the Spirit daily it allows open doors for the enemy to plant seeds of destruction. We must keep the breastplate of righteousness in place in order to protect our hearts because if not placed there daily, leaves us open to being wounded and sometimes critically. 
September 24, 2015
  • 2
Julie Schneider
Julie Schneider I love, love, love these Bible studies! Every single one has brought new insight into familiar passages.....i always end up looking at some part of the scripture with new eyes. And thank you so much Pastor Dion for reading them....how i enjoy listening! Thank you so much for doing this....what a blessing you are to me and to everyone! 
September 25, 2015
  • 0
<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Praise The Lord for this wonderful and blessed Bible study, it so touched my heart and soul. I always want to be watching and waiting for His return. 
September 26, 2015- Edit- Delete
  • 1
Cathy Webb
Cathy Webbedited: September 27, 2015 1.  In my life the area of giving has followed the growth in my relationship with the Lord and it’s not only related to money. In my very early relationship I strictly followed the rule of 10% of my earnings. Then I walked away from the Lord and kept everything – time, talents, and money – to myself. When I returned to the Lord, it was as a child making a new friend. Over time God has taught me to release everything to Him. He will provide time for what is important, talent for what is required, and money for what is necessary. When I forget any part of this and fail, the Spirit convicts me and I learn again about forgiveness. Thank you, Lord, for sticking with me through the sacrifice!   2.  I believe my job is to be diligent in my relationship with God and sharing the news of His coming and saving grace with anyone who’ll listen. I need to live my life as a model of His love – not in fear but in hope and celebration of His promise to return.   3.  Praying for God’s Spirit to quicken the hearts of family and friends is so important. I also want to live my life as a model of His love – not in fear but in complete surrender to what the Lord allows.   4. Vigilant watchfulness and constant prayer – and having wonderful, supportive Christian friends like my church family and RHM!
September 27, 2015
  • 1
Deborah Alexander
Deborah Alexander Q@4I believe when we keep His Word in our Hearts that we may not sin against Him, stayed Prayed up, He will make a way of escape for us from the temptation. (1 Corinthians  10:13)
September 28, 2015
  • 1
Shelby Casey
Shelby Caseyedited: September 28, 2015 I believe we are called to sacrifice everything we have to the Lord. I do believe that we can never out give God because He is the ultimate giver. So if we are emulating the character of God we have to take on a spirit of generosity. I think the Holy Spirit works with us to start with things that maybe not so hard, such as buying someone a cup of coffee that we would have taken for ourselves. Taking that birthday money that I had saved for a new coat, to buy someone something they have more a need for. Knowing that my husband is losing his job but working out a new plan for saving some, spending some and giving some. Thank you Lord that you bless us by giving us a spirit of generosity to point people to you Lord.
September 28, 2015