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Luke Chapter 10

  • Bible Study on Luke 

    Luke Chapter 10


    >> Click Here For Audio Version << 
     

    Luke 10 Outline:
    10:1-12
          The mission and the message.
    10:13-16
        The doom of the Galilean cities that had rejected Jesus.
    10:17-20
        The return of the seventy.
    10:21-24
        Jesus is thrilled with joy.
    10:25-37
        The good samaritan.
    10:38-42
        Mary and Martha.

    Fun Facts:
    - The road from Jerusalem to Jericho is about 17 miles.
    - Mary and Martha lived in Bethany, about 2 miles from Jerusalem.
    - Capernaum was a large fishing village on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee with a population of about 1500. It was the base of Jesus’ ministry and was considered Jesus’ own town (Matt 9:1).


    Study Notes:
    Luke 10:1 Jesus sent out a large group of disciples this time to prepare the way for Him in the places that He planned to visit. He told them to carry no money bag, nor a second pair of sandals. They were to greet no one on the road. Eastern greetings can be elaborate and time consuming, and this was urgent business. There were too few of them as it was and there was no time to waste. They were to stay at the house of those who took them in, and if they were a kindred spirit, their peace would rest upon the house and a state of harmony would exist. They were instructed to eat and drink what they were given and to not feel guilty about it being provided for free because the laborer was worthy of his wages. Neither did they have time to go from house to house socializing and being entertained.

    The disciples were being sent into pagan territory beyond the Jordan river and there were many gentiles there. The food would probably not always be “kosher”, but they were not to be sidetracked and be fussy about food and food laws. They were to eat and drink what was set before them. Their job was to heal and preach with the content of their message being: “The Kingdom of God has come near to you. This is the day of salvation.”

    There would be cities that would reject them and they were to go into the streets of it and wipe the dust of the city off. An action that represented that the city had placed itself outside of the people of God. And nevertheless, rejecting them would not change reality. The kingdom of God had come near to them and on judgement day, they would be accountable for it. Woe is an expression of deep regret and not vengeance.

    Luke 10:13 Jesus apparently ministered and did miracles extensively in a town called Chorazin and another called Bethsaida, and did enough mighty works there that Tyre and Sidon would have repented, which were two very evil cities (Isa 23, Ezek 26). This tells us that we know so little of the ministry of Jesus. Chorazin is only mentioned twice in the Bible (Matt 11:21 and Luke 10:13) and it did not cover Jesus ministering there at all. It would have been great to read about the miracles that Jesus performed at Chorazin. John wrote (John 21:25) that if all the things that Jesus had did were written down one by one, the world could not contain the books that would be written.

    Jesus ministered so much in Capernaum that it was called “His own city” (Matt 9:1), but it was largely unchanged. He prophesied that it would be brought down from heaven, to hades. Today the once great city of Capernaum is deserted ruins.

    Luke 10:16 The messengers that Jesus sent out had authority and their message was very important. When Jesus authorizes anyone to speak, that person speaks under His authority. Anyone who hears them, hear Jesus. And those that reject them, reject the Lord, and He who sent Him. It makes you think…

    Luke 10:18 There are two main views of “satan falling like lightning from heaven.” 1) As the 70 disciples preached and healed through out the cities, what appeared on earth to be a few simple preachers ministering was in fact destroying the work of the devil as suddenly and unexpectedly as a flash of lightning. 2) Jesus was warning the disciples to not be lifted up in pride because He had seen satan fall from heaven because of pride, in saying “do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.” It could quite possibly be that both are true.

    Luke 10:21 Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit. The word rejoiced here means “Thrilled with joy.” Jesus was very happy and thanked God for the revelation. God had spoken to the lowly, and not the wise once again.

    Luke 10:22 Jesus calls Himself “The Son” only here in the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke) but the expression is common in the gospel of John. Jesus said that no one knows who the Father is, except the Son and whomever the Son reveals Him to. That means that God is as Jesus revealed Him to be.

    Luke 10:30 The parable of good samaritan. Lawyers then were not lawyers as we know but scribes which specialized in Jewish law, or the first five books of the Bible. They were often mentioned along with the pharisees and were usually opposed to the teachings of Jesus. The lawyer wanted a set of rules to keep in order to earn eternal life. Jesus is telling him that it is not keeping a set of rules, but living a life of love. We don’t live a certain way in order to earn God’s love, we are responding to God’s love and showing mercy to others as God has shown mercy to us.

    A man traveled from Jerusalem to Jericho. The road from Jerusalem to Jericho is about 17 miles and a steep descent. It drops about 3,000 feet and winds through desolate wild country where robbers would be safe. Robbers attacked the man, beat him, stripped him, and left him half dead. In that light:

    - A priest came by and saw the man laying half dead. Touching a dead body would make the priest ceremonially unclean. The only way to tell if the man was alive would have been to go to him. The priest chose to follow the law and crossed to the other side of the road to avoid any chance of contact with the man. There may have been other reasons that we do not know, but he left the man there.

    - A levite came by and was also interested in ceremonial purity. He passed by on the other side of the road, leaving the man there.

    - A samaritan came by and helped the man. Samaritans were despised by the Jews and this parable probably shocked the audience who would have been expecting a Jew to help the man. The samaritan was moved with compassion, came to him and bound up his wounds using wine as an antiseptic and oil to sooth the pain. He then placed the man on his own animal, walked to an inn, and continued to take care of him until the next day. Overnight room and board cost about 1/32 of a denarii then. When he left, he gave the inn keeper 2 denarii, which would have been two months board. Then he offered to pay the inn keeper whatever he spent beyond that when he returned. This man did far more than the minimum. When he saw a stranger in need, he did all that he could to help him.

    - Then Jesus asked the man which of the three seemed to be a neighbor to the injured man. Of course the samaritan was the only real choice. Jesus told him to go and do likewise. Don’t let religious rules keep you from helping suffering people, not then, and not now.

    Luke 10:38 The story or Mary and Martha is only found here in Luke. This happened at Martha’s house in Bethany (John 11:1) and was about 2 miles from Jerusalem. Martha was probably the older sister and wanted to do something special for Jesus that became too elaborate, because it became too much for her with “much serving.” She began to resent her sister quietly listening to Jesus and seemed to resent Jesus as well with “Lord, do you not care?” and Mary with “my sister has left me to serve alone.” Jesus made a point that waiting quietly on the Lord is more important than bustling busy-ness. The Lord never told her to prepare a feast. How many times do we dream up something extravagant and then get overwhelmed with it, then find that God is in the other room.

    map of Bethany where Mary Martha and Lazarus lived


    Map of area the Jesus where Jesus ministered. Bethany the town where Mary, Martha and Lazarus lived is highlighted red.


    Study Questions: (if your answers are very long, you may want to type them first in something like Word or Notepad, which doesn't require an Internet connection, then copy and paste (Ctrl-A to select, Ctrl-C to copy, Ctrl-V to paste), to prevent mishaps. Also, there is a 3K character limit, so if they are super long, feel free to post more than once, and just answer a couple of questions at a time. Also, you are welcome to post any questions you may have. We look forward to your thoughts!)

    1. Jesus sent his seventy-two disciples without any money, supplies or even shoes. He did send them in pairs though, instead of going alone. In what ways can we draw strength from having others in the body of Christ walk with us through life?

    2. Why do you think it was the Father’s will to hide things from those who were wise, the prophets and the kings?

    3. It was written that the greatest commandment is: “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself”. What can we do to better align ourselves with God’s will in this commandment?

    4. In the parable of the Good Samaritan, what characteristics did the Samaritan have that the priest and levite did not?

    5. Jesus said that Mary had “chosen the good portion”, rather than Martha. What do you think Mary did right here and what can we do to cultivate more of Mary’s attitude in ourselves?


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Social Sharing

48 comments
  • 0
Liesel  aka  Lisa Wardle
Liesel aka Lisa Wardle Q1/There is strength in numbers - that's why 2 instead of 1, always looking to Jesus, our source and strength! Then, looking to one-another to build us up, comfort us, share one-another's burdens, positive re-inforcement especially in times of trials & persecution
June 15, 2015
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Liesel  aka  Lisa Wardle
Liesel aka Lisa Wardle Q2/The wise are wise in their own eyes and proud, they refuse instruction and twist and turn the word of God, they serve themselves, the creature not the Creator.God can only use the humble at heart that except instruction and reproof!
June 15, 2015
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Liesel  aka  Lisa Wardle
Liesel aka Lisa Wardle Q3/This being the greatest commandment sums it all up into one, i.e. all 10 commandments! It is a daily task for us and will be till we meet Him face to face! Even though we do not leave under the law, thanks be to Jesus, who fulfilled the entire law, but we live under Grace - unmerited grace! Praise be to the Lord God forever and ever!
June 15, 2015
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Liesel  aka  Lisa Wardle
Liesel aka Lisa Wardle Q4/It was mainly compassion and true love for their neighbour, attributes that the others were missing!  Q5/Mary put GOD first and put the toils of this world, check lists and other duties second!
June 15, 2015
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Liesel  aka  Lisa Wardle
Liesel aka Lisa Wardle Thank you Pastor for doing this study and all the daily sermons, etc; also, for including the fun and other facts i.e. milage!
June 15, 2015
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Carol Pady
Carol Pady 1. Having Christian companionship gives us others to pray with, (wherever two or more are gathered),and people to have fellowship with. Sometimes they reveal what God has spoken to them and hasnt revealed to us to bring us support through trials. 2. God chose to hide things from the wise to show us that even the uneducated can become wise through the Holy Spirit 3. We must put God first and others ahead of our needs. 4. The Samaritan had generosity, compassion and love towards others. He had no concern for himself becoming unclean. 5. Mary knew spending time with Jesus was far more important than anything else.
June 15, 2015
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Lissy Verghese
Lissy Verghese Thank you dear Pastor!
June 15, 2015
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David and Dianna Wyles
David and Dianna Wyles 1)Having someone of like mind is always encouraging and strengthening. Jesus knew by sending them out by two's, together they would be able to build each other up and help each other along the way. So true in life also, better to have the strength and encouragement that comes with Christs body/ other christians to walk with you and help if needed. Momma always said there is safety in numbers  ;)
June 16, 2015
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David and Dianna Wyles
David and Dianna Wyles 2) Wise men, prophet & Kings were proud and unreproachable... they would not listen to truth and believed they new best. They would also manipulate the word of God to suite themselves.The humble of heart listens and has faith in simple truths, is able to be instructed and is willng to be used for the good of Gods Kingdon. 3)Be forgiving of others, be kind always, be helpful to others, pray for others. Always be trying to show peolpe Gods love so they seek him.
June 16, 2015
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David and Dianna Wyles
David and Dianna Wyles 4) The good Samaritan was willing to help. He didn't walk around a problem situation, he stopped to see what he could do to make things better. He even paid for his further care out of his own pocket. Now that's a good neighbor. >>> Dear Father please help me to be "THAT" neighbor... the one that's willing to go beyond and above to help someone in need. In Jesus name ~Amen~
June 16, 2015
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David and Dianna Wyles
David and Dianna Wyles 5)To Mary, hearing Jesus was most important, being with him was enough. Martha's first priority was to impress what a great hostest she was but got upset that she was alone in the matter. She was too busy being distratcted by daily business too "hear" what Jesus was teaching. 
June 16, 2015
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David and Dianna Wyles
David and Dianna Wyles Thank you pastor Dion for another great study. It made me think. Hope to be more like Mary and less like Martha. Stay blessed
June 16, 2015
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Kathy Banfield
Kathy Banfield Ok, getting back to the questions: I think I left at #4. The Samaritan seemed to have the Holy Spirit on him, but the most prevalent gift bestowed upon him was LOVE! He responded out of love--not for his own glory or the glory of other people. That inherent love can only come from one source--GOD! Question 34 Too easily, we lose focus and forget what's REALLY important. The story of Martha and Mary reminds me of most Suburban mothers during the Christmas holidays; we try to create the best and most lavish social event, we chose the perfect gifts--and how do our young kids respond? By playing with the cardboard BOX the pricey gift came in, and requesting PIZZA instead of lobster canapes! It is way too easy to lose sight of what is really important nowadays, because the world tells us we have to be better and better. But God's ways are not like the ways of this world! (Thank You, God!)
June 16, 2015
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Lorna Smetak
Lorna Smetak Walking with others. It would give me strength, bible study partner and be there when I need encouragement from the word, like joining Refreshing Hope Ministries. Kings and prophets. The first thing that popped into my head was those that have ears let them hear and those that have eyes let them see. I don't think that they were ready to see nor hear what was being said. They were set in their own ways which was mainly the Old Testament. Today, blessed are those that haven't seen and yet believe. ( sorry if my quotes are not spot on)
June 16, 2015
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Lorna Smetak
Lorna Smetak Heart, mind, soul and strength. I love this one, because it reminds me that we need to put everything that we have into loving our Lord. Once in awhile we tend to leave on of them out but not intentionally. Try our hardest to read our bible everyday, put ourselves around others that have our same beliefs which helps align us with this commandment. Someone asked me this question and caught me right off guard, wasn't prepared for it (even thou I knew what it was). All of a sudden these words were forced right out of my mouth. I was shocked, I turned to Ric (my husband) and said that wasn't me that said that, because I wasn't even thinking about the bible and I was listening to another person talking. I will not forget that one.
June 16, 2015
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Lorna Smetak
Lorna Smetak Good Samaritan. Compassion for others, love and kindness. It didn't matter if he was in a hurry to get to where he was going he still showed love (thy neighbor) by stopping and helping. I have been there with others. When I was a nurses aid at a hospital there were 2 clients in the room and on the door was a warning to put gowns on masks and gloves on before entering the room. I ignored the sign and walked right in and started talking to them and they said that they were hungry but they haven't seen anyone bringing their food into the room (especially warm). I asked them what was wrong with them and they said that they were in for spinal meningitis (sorry on spelling) and they are on the last day for being contagious (3rd day). I felt so sorry for them. I told them hold on a second, I walked to the door and there was their tray of food sitting at the door to be served with no one around to take it to them. I took the trays to them and they were so happy that they received warm food for once. I never did catch spinal meningitis.
June 16, 2015
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Lorna Smetak
Lorna Smetak spinal meningitis from those clients. I was just happy that they were happy with warm food and didn't care what they had.
June 16, 2015
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Lorna Smetak
Lorna Smetak With all things put our Lord first and we shall not worry about the cares of this world.
June 16, 2015
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Darlene Blackmon
Darlene Blackmon In the good Samaritan I found compassion that the other 2 did not. Not to the same degree of being beat but I have experienced someone helping me out of the blue. Someone I never met helped me change a flat tire on the side of a busy freeway....and all he said was....."I've done this many times".....in my mind he was God sent as I thanked him profusely. ...so when I think of a Samaritan. ...that same man comes to mind. Never saw him again. Thank you Jesus.
June 16, 2015
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member 1) I believe that having another Christian walking with you on this journey, gives you strength, gives you someone to pray with and helps you in times of sorrow and sadness or joy and happiness. We all need that special person that Jesus sends to us, that we can call and talk to or chat with or just have a shoulder to cry on. I think going out with 2 people, also gave them more confidence that they could do what Jesus wanted them to do. 
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member I truly believe Jesus sends the right people our way. I too have been in similar situations. Thank you for sharing.
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Amen, He can take all our worries away, if we put our faith and trust in Him.
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member You were truly a blessing to them.
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Amen
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Amen, me too. I love how Mary just wanted to sit there and listen to Jesus. It had to be amazing.
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Yes, many times I have found myself being a Martha instead of a Mary, but my true hearts desire is to be Mary.
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Amen, I too agree with you Dianna, please let me be like that good Samaritan, go above and beyond what was needed.
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Amen and Praise The Lord. God is so good.
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Amen
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member God bless you Lissy.
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Amen
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Amen
June 16, 2015- Edit- Delete
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Delores Greenwood
Delores Greenwood Amen!
June 16, 2015
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Delores Greenwood
Delores Greenwood So true, Diana. I try to love everybody, even if they don't appreciate it. I love you, Lord!
June 16, 2015
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Delores Greenwood
Delores Greenwood Very true! I would always rather hear Jesus or anyone with the Holy Spirit talk then do anything else! Amen!
June 16, 2015
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Delores Greenwood
Delores Greenwood Amen
June 16, 2015
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Kay Rushin
Kay Rushin Q-1-The famous buddy system, nothing new under the Sun, Someone  to lift you up and keep you safe. Q-2-They seem more concern with keeping track of the law, they couldn't understand grace and the purpose of a  "Jesus" Q-3- Really understand the Concept of  " The Great Exchange". A perfect Jesus came to take on our Sins and die on the cross so we can be forgiven. We must Love like he loves us. He stands in the Gap for Us. Q-4- Compassion, empathy and no judgement. Q-5- He doesn't need works. He wants our belief and faith that he is God Almighty and follow his lead in all things.
June 17, 2015
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member 2)I think maybe the kings and such would think they knew more than anyone else did about the law, that they would not listen to what Jesus had to say. They probably thought they were right about everything, no matter what Jesus would try to tell them, so Jesus chose the ones that would believe in Him and accept what He was telling them, so they then could go out and spread the gospel.
June 17, 2015- Edit- Delete
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Julie Schneider
Julie Schneider #1 having Christian friends and spouse help keep me grounded in my faith....if i dont panic and actually listen to them! We pray for each other and try to help each other stay focused.....just like this wonderful community!
June 18, 2015
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Julie Schneider
Julie Schneider #4 sometimes it is difficult to tell who is truly hurt and in need of help and who may be trying to take advantage of you. I try not to let it harden my heart when i am taken advantage of but know that if my intentions are pure then that is all that matters.
June 18, 2015
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Chris Motley
Chris Motley Q-1 We need the fellowship of other brothers and sisters to keep us accountable and not to be deceived by the enemy. Q-4 The good samaritan had a good heart and a love for others, just as Jesus has the love , mercy and grace for us
June 18, 2015
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Greg Gallup
Greg Gallup Thank you pastor Dion for another great study
June 18, 2015
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Daryl Donerson
Daryl Donerson Q1- By having other followers with us in our walk with Christ we can encourage, edify, and help each other in times of trouble.Like Proverbs 27:17 says Iron sharpens Iron.
June 18, 2015
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member 3) I think for myself I have had to realize to be able to love as Jesus loves, I really have to look far beyond the person or persons that may have caused pain in my life, as to what are they going through, that has made them seemingly unloveable. So even with the ones that seem hard to love, I try to tell myself Jesus loved me no matter what, and I must love them no matter what. Even when its the hardest to love and show love, if you will realize Jesus loves us no matter who we are or what we have done, His love never fails, so I never want to fail Him, so I want to love beyond what I as a human can, I want to reach into my soul and find that love that Jesus has for us to love others in that way.
June 20, 2015- Edit- Delete
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Sylvia Todd
Sylvia Todd Amen, Julie, I think it's so important to have a diverse group of people to lean on. None of us have all the answers!
June 20, 2015
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member 4) He wasn't worried at all about what others would think of him, he just wanted to help this man and care for his needs. He had the love of Jesus in his heart, beyond anything, he just wanted to do and be like Jesus. To love and care for the hurting.
June 21, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member 5) Mary chose what would be everlasting, not just temporary. Mary was wanting more of Jesus and Martha, I feel sure she wanted to hear all Jesus had to say, but she was too worried about being the perfect host. I pray I could have an attitude like Mary, wanting more of Jesus, knowing that He will take care of the rest.
June 21, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member I have truly enjoyed this Bible Study, looking so forward to the next one. Thank you and Sylvia for all the hard work you put into Refreshing Hope, Y'all are truly a blessing to my heart. Love, Tamara
June 21, 2015- Edit- Delete