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Luke Chapter 20

  • Bible Study on Luke 

    Luke Chapter 20


    >> Click Here For Audio Version << 
     

    Luke 20 Outline:

    20:01-08 The authority of Jesus is questioned.
    20:09-18 The parable of the wicked farmers.
    20:19-26 Paying tribute to Caesar.
    20:27-40 The seven brothers.
    20:41-44 David’s Son.
    20:45-47 A warning against the scribes.


    Fun Facts:
    The Pharisees and the Sadducees were two opposing religious factions, but both opposed Jesus.

    Study Notes:
    Luke 20:1-8 As Jesus was teaching in the temple, the priests, scribes and elders came to question Him. They asked Jesus “by what authority do you do these things?” but they were primarily concerned with Him driving out the merchants and cleansing the temple earlier.

    Jesus countered their question, with a simple question. It caused a stir because the religious leaders were not concerned with facts, but only with the effects. The truth of their answer did not matter, only the outcome. Jesus asked them about “the baptism of John, was it from heaven, or from men?” John the baptizer was a prominent religious figure that was obviously anointed by God, but John also testified that Jesus was the Messiah. That brought the men to a crossroad and they could not answer either way. If they admitted that John was sent by God, then that would be admitting that Jesus was sent by God as well. They would loved to have answered “From men” but feared that the people may stone them, so they could not answer His question, and Jesus did not answer theirs.

    Luke 20:9-18 Jesus told a parable about a man who planted a vineyard and rented it out to some farmers to care for it. Then He traveled to another country for a long time. The owner sent a servant to collect his share of the fruit, but they beat him and sent him away with nothing. The owner sent more and they beat them, mistreated them and sent them away empty. Finally the owner sent his own son to them. Instead of respecting His authority, they killed his son. The owner would then come and destroy these farmers and give the vineyard to others.

    This story paints a picture of the relationship between Jesus and the Jewish leaders. God had sent messenger after messenger to them: Neh. 9:26; Jer. 7:25; 25:4–7; Matt. 23:34; Acts 7:52; Heb. 11:36–38; but they beat them and rejected His message. Then God sent His own Son Jesus to them. This was the pinnacle, not a prophet, but the Son of God. This is the most critical decision of their lives. The nation was treating Jesus the same way as the farmers were treating the Son.

    The Jews would kill Jesus and God would take the vineyard away from them, and give it to the gentiles. The leaders got the message but could not believe that God would take anything away from the chosen ones and give it to the gentiles so they said “May it never be!”

    Jesus points them to a favorite scripture in the early church (Psalm 118:22, Acts 4:11, 1Peter 2:7) the Cornerstone. A cornerstone was a huge stone that tied walls together and was of great importance. The stone which the builders rejected was made the chief cornerstone. This scripture written hundreds of years before, pointed to Jesus. They would reject Him, but God’s purpose would still be accomplished. Whoever falls on Jesus will be broken, but those who reject Him will be one day be crushed.

    Luke 20:19-26 The religious leaders want to arrest Jesus right then, but they feared the people. So they sent out spies to watch Him closely and to try and trap Him in His words so they would have a reason to accuse Him before the governor.

    First they asked Jesus “Is it lawful to pay taxes?” But Jesus perceived what they were doing. Nobody liked paying taxes to the Romans so a question like this would either get Jesus in trouble with the Romans who wanted the taxes paid, or with the Jews who did not. This would hopefully drive a wedge between Jesus and the people, or at least get Him in trouble with the Romans and they would arrest Him.

    Jesus asked them to show Him a denarius and then asked whose image and inscription was on it. They answered “Caesar’s.” Then Jesus told them to give Caesar what was His and God the things that are God’s. No one could argue with that. We have our loyalty to God, and loyalty to our country but God always comes first in our life. If the country comes between us and God, they are out of their jurisdiction.

    There were two main religious groups at that time, the Pharisees and the Sadducees. The Pharisees followed an “oral tradition” that accompanied the written law. The Sadducees rejected this and only followed the written law but also rejected the whole afterlife, resurrection, and rewards or punishments after death.

    Luke 20:27-40 After the first group of Pharisees were silenced, a group of Sadducees began to ask Jesus questions about marriage in heaven, after the resurrection. They wanted to prove their theory about a resurrection being impossible because it did not agree with the written law.

    Debt. 25:5 stated that if a married man died and had no children, that his brother should take the widow as a wife and raise up children that would grow up to own the mans property and continue his family line. This rarely happened and when it did, the child seemed to go by the name of the natural father anyway (Ruth 4:5, 21). By New Testament times this practice was not used so the question was only to prove there was no resurrection.

    They told a story of seven brothers who had all been married at different times, to the same woman, without her having children. Then they asked whose wife would she be after the resurrection? They assumed that no answer could given and that would prove there was no resurrection.

    People that believed in the resurrection believed that it would a continuation of this life, but much improved. Jesus explained that things in heaven will be drastically different than currently here on the earth. Those who were considered worthy to attain to that age and the resurrection of the dead:

    1) Will not be married. Marriage is part of preserving the human race, but there will be no more death. Relationships are based on time and place, and there will be neither of those either.

    2) They cannot die anymore, not will not, but cannot die.

    3) They will be like the angels that are in heaven.

    Jesus also showed that the resurrection was in fact mentioned in their scriptures by telling them about “Moses at the bush.” There were no scripture references then or He would have said “read Exodus 3:1-6.” When Moses called the Lord “The God of Abraham”, Abraham had long been dead. Then Jesus said that God is not the God of the dead, but of the living. All are alive to Him. This silenced the Sadducees questioning as well.

    Luke 20:41-44 Jesus then asked them a question. The scribes all referred to the Christ as David’s son, but David himself called him Lord. They were looking for an earthly king to follow the path of David and conquer all of Israel’s enemies. Jesus explained that the Messiah was Lord of Lords, not just another David.

    Luke 20:45-47 The scribes wore long flowing robes which were a sign of distinction and marked them as gentlemen of leisure. They were not the working class. Public greetings and the best seats in the synagogues were some of their favorite things. While they appeared as a shining light before men, they did not appear that way to God. They preyed on widows and made long prayers to cover it up. Jesus said that these would receive greater condemnation.

    Study Questions: (if your answers are very long, you may want to type them first in something like Notepad, which doesn't require an Internet connection, then copy and paste (Ctrl-A to select, Ctrl-C to copy, Ctrl-V to paste), to prevent mishaps. Also, there is a 3K character limit, so if they are super long, feel free to post more than once, and just answer a couple of questions at a time. You are welcome to post any questions you may have, as well. We look forward to your thoughts!)

    1. In Luke 20:1-8, the authority figures in the temple were trying to trap Jesus with questions they thought He could not answer. Jesus was able to deftly stump them with a question they were not comfortable answering. Why do you think Jesus did not answer them directly?

    2. When Jesus was describing the parable of the wicked tenants, why do you think the tenants were so surprised that the vineyard owner was going to destroy them for killing his son?

    3. In Luke 20:19-26, spies were sent to Jesus to once again try to trap Him, this time with a question about money. What can we learn about how to deal with our finances from Jesus’ response?

    4. Jesus described in Luke 20:46-47 the ones who would “receive the greater condemnation”. What were the characteristics of the scribes that we need to avoid?


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13 comments
  • 1
Cheryl Hebert
Cheryl Hebert Love these Bible Studies by audio!  I read alot of Word. It's good to listen sometimes..thank you and God bless!
September 14, 2015
  • 1
Carolyn  Douglas
Carolyn Douglas Luke 20 Question 1...The Pharisees and the Sadducees wanted to trap Jesus by His own words. Jesus answered a question with a question that showed the profound wisdom of Jesus as God's Son. Wisdom belongs to the Lord and we can only have Heaven's wisdom in our life through relationship with God. Jesus didn't answer their questions but instead put the burden of answering on them. They could not get Jesus to trip or fall which is the same protection God offers us as we are lambs among many wolves in this world.
September 15, 2015
  • 1
Lorna Smetak
Lorna Smetak #3 Not to worry about being able to pay bills; If you believe, God will always be there when you are in need of help. God knows when we are in need of help, we just need to ask. #4 Greed. They think that they are higher than anyone else or God. Kind of reminds me of how satan tries to get people trapped under his command. #2  People that rejected Jesus are the ones who do not believe (and soon would be crushed) in what he was teachings. But those that do believe would have that strong corner stone to build off of. They would be the ones that spread the word to others and they would be the ones that would go to the fathers house one day. Be saved that is. #1 Because i think that he (Jesus) wanted them to acknowledge that he was the son of God, but they were under the rule of the old testament.
September 15, 2015
  • 1
Shelby Casey
Shelby Casey #1 I don't think Jesus answered them directly because he understood why they were asking the question to discredit Jesus and turn people against him. So He kind of put them in the same sitaution by asking them the question about whom John the Baptisted, was baptised by.
September 15, 2015
  • 1
Carol Pady
Carol Pady 1. Jesus did not answer them directly because His time had not yet come and also because they did not answer Him directly. 2. The tenants thought they were above reproach. 3. We should tithe and pay our taxes.. 4. We should never think or act like we are holier than thou. 
September 15, 2015
  • 1
Carolyn  Douglas
Carolyn Douglas Luke 20 Question 2...Jesus gave His life willingly and salvation given freely is offered at great cost. Jesus suffered under the weight of man's sins and through the torture of His crucifixion. We can choose to accept this great God given gift or we can reject it and by doing so lose our souls. Our choices will determine eternal life in heaven or being cut off from God and in the pit of punishment. The parable makes it clear the Lord will judge accordingly.
September 16, 2015
  • 1
Kathy Banfield
Kathy Banfield In reading this chapter, I am viewing it as if I had not read it before. And I am impressed how bold Jesus has become! And His intelligence is amazing--at the same time, i have to admire the persistent Sadduces and Pharisses, for they stubbornly refuse to give up! Even to the point to bribing others to spy on Jesus! Anyhow, I think Jesus did not answer directly because He wanted them to THINK! Like any good shrink, why give a straightforward reply when it's far better to force the other person to think about the question they posed! #2 They did not want to believe that they themselves would be so severly punished if they killed God's only Son. They were, in fact, deluding themselves...but Jesus needed to tell them this.#3This annswer from Jesus further shows how intellegent He is.The fact is, we should never worship money. Jesus also once said that we cannot serve two masters. Sadly, in today's society, too many people put value on money and the "stuff" that it can be used to purchase.#4 We all know people like those hypocritical scribes.Appearances mean everything to them. They want to be noticed. The lok down on everyone else.Only the best will do for them, usually at the expense of others who are not as wealthy. When they take advantage of the poor, they somehow justify their bad behavior with long prayers, falsely thinking that God will overlook their wicked ways. That is "worldly sorrow", not "Godly sorrow." It is NOT true repentance.There is only one word for those Teachers of the Law: HYPOCRITES! As Jesus said, the last will be first and the first will be last. We should remember how Jesus, the Son of God, who had every right to don a flowing robe and walk with a haughty air--washed the Disciples' feet the night before He died.THAT is an example of the REAL Teacher of the Law! (I apologize for the spelling errors--I'm in a rush because my computer is behaving liked a spoiled toddler today)
September 16, 2015
  • 1
Carolyn  Douglas
Carolyn Douglas Luke 20 Question 3 ...Jesus honored the laws and regulations of those in ruling authority in the land ...Jesus also honored the Bible and what the Word taught in order to giving to the Lord. Jesus did not defy earthly government or taught the Jews to rebel against Rome. By complying with authority in its various forms Jesus teaches us to comply and live in peace with those who govern us.
September 17, 2015
  • 0
<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member 1) They wanted Jesus to answer them a certain way so it would look like He wasn't the Messiah, and if they believed that John The Baptist was a man of God, who preached and foretold the coming of Jesus, it would make them have to confirm that Jesus was The True Messiah and they didn't want to do that. They wanted to continue to live like they were and use the church for a place of selling and stuff and not a true place of worship. That is why Jesus cast out these people, because they were defiling His House, The Church, by taking it for their own greed.
September 17, 2015- Edit- Delete
  • 1
Cathy Webb
Cathy Webbedited: September 18, 2015 1.  Jesus understood these religious authorities were not interested in knowing the truth. He could see beyond their words to their intent. By answering with questions and parables Jesus provided guidance for those who heard and who now read with God’s discernment. Jesus responses provide me with an insight into truth and how to live my life today. Instead of a rule or specific pronouncement limited to the context of Jesus’ day, Jesus’ response is a spiritual guideline for every person and time period.   2.  I think the wicked tenants became overconfident in their power and abilities. They didn’t understand that the vineyard owner retained ownership of the plan and power over everything he had set up. Much like the religious leaders in Jesus’ time and us today. We falsely believe that we are in control of our lives and possessions. God, our vineyard owner, is coming back. I pray I haven’t killed His son in my heart – that I’ve put Him first in my life over everything – and will be found faithful.
September 18, 2015
  • 1
Carolyn  Douglas
Carolyn Douglas Luke Chapter 2 ...Question 4  The scribes were noticed by their clothing and received special treatment for their positions. Jesus modeled servanthood and showed Himself to be a man that put the needs of others ahead of His own. The scribes had  much pride in who they were and expected the citizens to see them as very pious. They spoke prayers so others would hear them which meant there was no genuine thought and feeling attached. They used the office in the church to extort offerings from those who probably had little to give. Jesus was the ultimate example. He wore common clothes...He requested no special service or attention. We need to follow His steps. 
September 18, 2015
  • 1
Cathy Webb
Cathy Webbedited: September 20, 2015 3.  Jesus again saw through the trickery the religious leaders posed. He provided a guideline regarding obedience, honesty, and focus and commitment to God. I want to pay my tribute to God with my time, my service, and my money.     4.  The scribes were people of leadership and responsibility. They flaunted their positions and used outward appearance to garner attention to themselves. However, they didn’t practice what they preached. Jesus said these leaders would be condemned. As a teacher and leader, I need to guard against pride and hypocrisy. I pray that Jesus provides a humble spirit and a listening heart as I work in the roles He provides.
September 20, 2015
  • 1
Deborah Alexander
Deborah Alexander Q#1 I believe Jesus didn't answer them because He wanted them to think to obtain Wisdom to whick comes from him. He said anyone lack wisdom let them ask and it will be given unto them. Q#3 We are to bring our Tithes unto God first and He will Bless us in a way we won't have room enough to receive.  After all it is God who Blessed/Blesses us to have an income in the first place.
September 24, 2015