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Luke Chapter 6

  • Bible Study on Luke 

    Luke Chapter 6

    >> Click Here For Audio Version << 


     

    Luke 6 Outline:

    6:1-5      The disciples pick grain on the Sabbath.

    6:6-11    Jesus heals a man’s hand on the Sabbath.

    6:12       Jesus prays all night on a mountain.

    6:13-16  Jesus names 12 apostles.

    6:17-19  Jesus heals multitudes.

    6:20-23  Four Beatitudes.

    6:24-26  Four Woes.

    6:27-38  Golden rules of love.

    6:39-45  Warnings about blind guides.

    6:46-59  Application: Wise and Foolish Builders.

    Fun Facts:

    — Gospel means “Good News.”

    — Jesus had two disciples named “Judas” (16).

    — Jews passing through a neighbor’s vineyard or field were allowed to eat some of the crop; provided that they did not harvest for later (Deuteronomy 23:25).

    — Jesus sat while delivering the Sermon on the Mount. Rabbis traditionally sat while teaching because sitting connoted authority.

    Study Notes:

    — In Luke chapter 6, we see religious rules clashing with personal relationship, and common sense. The pharisees were very strict religious leaders and strove to go beyond the law. Even though Jews passing through each other's fields were permitted to eat, but not harvest for later, the pharisees would not touch the grain at all. This soon became a new law in itself. Much like Adam was told to not eat the fruit, but Eve added “do not touch it” (Genesis 3:3). It was law enforcement in the extreme, while you could not harvest on the sabbath, you could eat. The pharisees turned God’s law into a form of bondage and control. 

    — The disciples were hungry and ate some grain. When confronted about it, Jesus told the story of David and his men who ate the “bread of the presence” in the temple when they were hungry. Human need came before barren legalism.

    — In the temple, the scribes and pharisees watched Jesus closely so that they might find a reason to accuse Him. They were not concerned with the good that He was doing. Instead they searched for a reason to discredit Him, to disagree with Him, to ultimately kill Him. I have to laugh when I read this because nothing has changed today. We have readers that read our devotional for months waiting for something to complain about. You never hear from them at all until they can find a single point of dispute, then they email you seven times, post it on Facebook, and create an account on your website to rant about it. And I say “Who are you again? Ah yes, satan the accuser of the brethren. Welcome to Refreshing Hope Ministries. :)”

    — Before He healed the man with the withered hand (6:6), Jesus asked the religious leaders if it was better to do good, or to do harm. There was no middle ground or neutrality. You either saved life, or you destroyed it by doing nothing. Jesus gave them a moment to answer and looked around the room at them while they sat in silence, then He healed the man. He had given them a chance to speak, but they could give Him no answer. The leaders became filled with fury and discussed what they might do to Jesus. 

    —  The religious leaders (Scribes and Pharisees) were not impressed by miracles of healing, truth, or the words of God coming from the “Son of God.” The word of God was rendered powerless because of their traditions. “making the word of God of no effect through your tradition which you have handed down.” (Mark 7:13 NKJV)

    — Jesus could see that His enemies were increasing, they were becoming more hostile and would one day kill Him. He prayed all night long to God, and the next morning He chose twelves apostles who would carry on His work after He was gone. 

    — There was a group of “disciples = students” that loosely followed Jesus. From that group He chose twelve to be “Apostles”, meaning “to send, someone sent, a messenger.” Luke uses this term six times in Luke, and 28 times in the book of Acts. 

    — Luke said that Judas Iscariot “became a traitor” which means that he was faithful in the beginning. 

    The twelve Apostles were: 

    01) Peter (originally Simon, but there was another Simon in the group. Jesus renamed this one Peter). Meaning: “A rock.”

    02) Andrew (Peter’s brother). Meaning: “A strong man.”

    03) James. Meaning: “Jacob, [James] that supplants, undermines; the heel.”

    04) John (The brother of James). Meaning: “John, [Jona] the grace or mercy of the Lord.”

    05) Philip. Meaning: “Philip, [Philippi] warlike; a lover of horses.”

    06) Bartholomew. Meaning: “Bartholomew, a son that suspends the waters.”

    07) Matthew. Meaning: “Matthew, given; a reward.”

    08) Thomas. Meaning: “Thomas, a twin.”

    09) James (the son of Alphaeus). Meaning: “Jacob, [James] that supplants, undermines; the heel.”

    10) Simon (the zealot). Meaning: “Simon, that hears; that obeys.”

    11) Judas (the son of James). Matthew and Mark call him “Thaddaeus.” Meaning: “[Thaddaeus] that praises or confesses.”

    12) Judas Iscariot (who became a traitor). Meaning: “the praise of the Lord; confession.”

    — The beatitudes and woes that Jesus taught really make a mockery of the world's value system.

    — “Blessed are you who are poor” (6:20). It is the humble or poor in spirit that enter the kingdom of God. Jesus is not talking about heaven, for the kingdom of God is within you (Luke 17:21). He also meant now, and not one day coming when He said “yours is the kingdom of God.” 

    — “Blessed are you who are hungry” (6:21). In Matthew there is the addition ‘and thirst for righteousness’ after the blessing on those who hunger, so those who hunger and thirst for righteousness will be satisfied. 

    — “Blessed are you who weep.” Those who hate evil and the wrong in the world will one day laugh. 

    — “Blessed are you when people hate you” (6:22). Jesus told His followers that they would never be out of trouble, but they would be happy. Rejoice and leap for joy, for great is your reward when you are persecuted because of Jesus.

    — “But woe to you who are rich” (6:24). The woes are only found in Luke. This is the opposite of poor in spirit. Money often brings with a spirit of self-sufficiency. You do not need to depend on God when you have an abundance. “Because you say, ‘I am rich, have become wealthy, and have need of nothing’—and do not know that you are wretched, miserable, poor, blind, and naked” (Revelation 3:17 NKJV).

    — “Woe to you who are full now” (6:25) continues on the same theme. Those who do not hunger and thirst for righteousness, will one day.

    — “Woe to you who laugh” (6:25). Obviously Jesus is not objecting to laughter as His whole ministry was a protest against the killjoy attitudes of the religious. He enjoyed life and must have laughed often, and with His disciples like when He nicknamed James and John, “The Sons of Thunder” (Mark 3:17). When read in context with the others, it means that those who are contented with the present world and success will give way to weeping and mourning. 

    — “Woe to you, when all people speak well of you” (6:26). It is a danger when “All Men” speak well of you. This can hardly happen without living to please men instead of God. They plotted to kill Jesus, and when you take a stand for Him, enemies will appear. 

    — The heart of the Lord’s sermon is “Love.” Love the unloving, God does. Love your enemies. Standing in Israel which was occupied by Roman soldiers, the crowd must have thought that He was a traitor to even suggest that. Do not react in anger. Always forgive your enemies. 

    — 1) Judge not, you will not be judged. 2) Forgive, you will be forgiven. 3) Give, it will be given to you. These are God’s laws. These work in either direction and can be written in reverse like this: 1) Judge, and you will be judged. 2) Don’t forgive others, and you will not be forgiven. 3) Don’t give, and it won’t be given to you. We can hang onto our excuses but just like gravity, excuses will not reverse the law.

    — There were two houses mentioned in 6:47. They are represented by those who hear, and those who hear and then act on it. Simply hearing the words of Jesus, without acting on it results in a shallow faith. When the storms come, that house will fall. The one who follows the teachings of Jesus are like the one who dug a deep foundation, and it will stand the test of time. 

    The traditional site of the Sermon on the Mount when viewed from the Sea of Galilee. The Church of the Beatitudes is in the center of the photo. 

    Questions: (if your answers are very long, you may want to type them first in something like Word or Notepad, which doesn't require an Internet connection, then copy and paste (Ctrl-A to select, Ctrl-V to copy, Ctrl-V to paste), to prevent mishaps.  Also, there is a 3K character limit, so if they are super long, feel free to post more than once, and just answer a couple of questions at a time. Also, you are welcome to post any questions you may have. We look forward to your thoughts!)

       1. What did it mean for us when Jesus declared to the Pharisees that He was the Lord of the Sabbath?

       2. In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus declared that the poor, the hungry, those who weep, and those who were hated, were the ones who were blessed. It may not be easy to remember this when we are going through times of lack, sorry or persecution. What can we do in our lives to prepare ourselves for such times and see it through God’s eyes?

       3. Jesus told us that we are to love our enemies, probably one of His more difficult principles. What steps can we take to better succeed in showing love to our enemies?

       4. When Jesus told us to “judge not, and you will not be judged” how do we follow this instruction along with trying to be an example of Christian living in a fallen world?

       5. Jesus said that we are to build our foundation on the rock, built on obedience to His words: “Everyone who comes to me and hears my words and does them”. How can we apply this teaching each day, so that our lives will be on a solid foundation?


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45 comments
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Deng Tembreza
Deng Tembreza Luke Chapter 6 was not send to me as an e-mail. Got to click on my Browse that next Chapter for Bible study is up.  Thank you for this next chapter Pastor. I will be pondering on each questions first before I will post My questions and answers
May 18, 2015
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Daryl Donerson
Daryl Donerson Q1- It means to me that just as Jesus was God in the flesh, He is the Creator of the world and of the Sabbath.
May 18, 2015
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Daryl Donerson
Daryl Donerson Q2- We should always keep our relationship with God very close, by Communication/Prayer, Reading His Word, and Studying/Devotion. I have always believed that the only way to overcome difficulty and trials is to stay in God's Word and close to Him daily. 
May 18, 2015
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Daryl Donerson
Daryl Donerson Q3- If we are followers of Christ then we should always remember that Jesus loves all mankind and wants them to come to Him just like we did. We should ask God to put His love in us for all. 
May 18, 2015
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Daryl Donerson
Daryl Donerson Q4- I believe we need to know the difference between Godly/Righteous judgment and selfish judgment.   
May 18, 2015
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Daryl Donerson
Daryl Donerson We need to do our best in obeying and living God's word in our lives. We need to be doers of His word not just a hearer. Let our lives be a Testimony of Jesus Christ.
May 18, 2015
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Beth Leikus
Beth Leikus    1. What did it mean for us when Jesus declared to the Pharisees that He was the Lord of the Sabbath? I think He was demonstrating our freedom from the law
May 18, 2015
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Lissy Verghese
Lissy Verghese Thank you dear Pastor for this in-depth analysis!
May 18, 2015
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Beth Leikus
Beth Leikus   2. In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus declared that the poor, the hungry, those who weep, and those who were hated, were the ones who were blessed. It may not be easy to remember this when we are going through times of lack, sorry or persecution. What can we do in our lives to prepare ourselves for such times and see it through God’s eyes? From my experience only close contact with God and His Word and staying in touch with other believers can bolster me through these times
May 18, 2015
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David and Dianna Wyles
David and Dianna Wyles 1) If Jesus is  Lord of Sabbath then only he can make the rules of Sabbath >> not The Pharisees. 2) keeping the faith that Gods plans for us are for a hope and a future is what pulls me through those rough times
May 19, 2015
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David and Dianna Wyles
David and Dianna Wyles 3) being mindful to always be kind is a good start. Smiling at people also helps 4) by only looking down on people to help them up... meaning instead of judging people for their shortcomings lend a hand to lift them up, pray for them, and encourage good things for their lives.
May 19, 2015
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David and Dianna Wyles
David and Dianna Wyles And prayer... lots of prayer.
May 19, 2015
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David and Dianna Wyles
David and Dianna Wyles 5) by being mindful each day of Gods words and trying to the best of our ability to do what is right by his words, keeping in mind we know we fall short, also by being thankful for Gods love, mercy, and grace when we do make mistakes. Praying each morning as I rise, reading my devotionals and bible studies in the morning and praying every night before bed helps me stay focused on the prize. Also, sometimes on the rough days I stop and pray many times through out the day.
May 19, 2015
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David and Dianna Wyles
David and Dianna Wyles Thanks agian for the audio version. very helpful. Blessings
May 19, 2015
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Kay Rushin
Kay Rushin My  simple synopsis Jesus is greater then the law, Jesus is teaching," please have common sense", put on the full armour of God and stay in prayer, remember he loves and forgaves, we must do the same. Be kind,  remember we are flawed as well, and only by grace are we spared, so love others as he loves us. Study,  pray. listen and do what the spirit tells us to do.  Let ego go and let God! Thank God he sent someone to stand in the Gap on our behalf.
May 19, 2015
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Lorna Smetak
Lorna Smetak That the Sabbath was made for man, Jesus has the right to change it from the law. To prepare: continually in reading the word, pray earnestly, remember that he is always there for you and that Jesus also went through suffering for us. To remember to put on the Armor of God. Through God's eyes; he'll will remember and make us stronger in our faith/relationship with him when we go through these trials and tribulation.
May 19, 2015
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Lorna Smetak
Lorna Smetak I actually keep saying in my head that I have many sins and he forgave me and that no one is perfect in his eyes. No matter what God is always there to help pulls us through. Keeping the word the back of your mind and to bring it forward out of one mouth. Satan will always be there nagging in the back of your mind something other than the word. To this fallen world it is hard. For me it is easier when it is someone in front of you (persay) compared to; ISIS, Iran holding Pastor Saeed, President making decisions etc.
May 19, 2015
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Lorna Smetak
Lorna Smetak Sorry question 3 and 4 kind of goes together for me in this answer
May 19, 2015
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Lorna Smetak
Lorna Smetak For us to remember forgiveness, not to judge one another, love thy neighbor as yourself. Remember that no one is perfect and that we all have flaws. Sometimes it is hard for me to read something than put into words. Hoping that u can understand where I am going/saying with my comments.
May 19, 2015
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Carol Pady
Carol Pady Jesus was stating that He as the Son of God had authority over the Sabbath. When we are experiencing times of oppression and lack we must realize this is a blessing as are rewards are in Heaven. The greatest way to love our enemies is to forgive them and pray for them. We as Christians should not fall into the sin of gossiping as this is judging others. We should be a defender of those who are being judged by others. If we study the Bible and pray for God to help us be better witnesses for Christ , He will guide us and lead us.
May 19, 2015
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member 1) Jesus is Lord of the sabbath as well as any other day. If He has to heal on the sabbath, gather food, feed the hungry, He will do what needs to be done, even if the scribes and Pharisees didn't agree. He is there for us at all times. 
May 19, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Amen
May 19, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Amen
May 19, 2015- Edit- Delete
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Lucille Jordan
Lucille Jordan 1 Jesus is Lord over ever thing. 2 We have to constantly seek God’s guidance through the reading of His word and keep asking His Holy Spirit to lead us.   3. I keep reminding myself to try and think like  Jesus, I do not always succeed because sometimes the flesh would win and I would have to ask for forgiveness.  4. I ask God to help me display the fruits of the Spirit. As a Christian I find myself constantly judging and condemning, then I quickly remind myself that before I came to know Christ I was doing the same things. 5. Before I read the  word I ask the Holy Spirit to explain the meaning to me and I ask The Lord to help me apply it in my daily life.
May 20, 2015
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member 2) We need to stay prayed up and in God's word so we can be ready in times of storms and persecution from others. If we keep the faith and put our trust totally in Him we will be overcomers.
May 20, 2015- Edit- Delete
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Sylvia Todd
Sylvia Todd Lorna, from the viewpoint of humility, I agree that they can have a similar answer :).
May 21, 2015
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Sylvia Todd
Sylvia Todd That would be an interesting study, I think :). 
May 21, 2015
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member 3) I have found it easier to love those who don't love me, because I try to remember I don't know what they have faced in this life and what has made their hearts so hardened and why they hate. So I give them to Jesus and ask Him to most of all save their souls and please let them see the how they are treating others and let love begin to grow in their heart. To love Jesus, we must love our enemies, even if we don't like what they have done or what they are doing, Because Jesus loves us unconditionally, even when we do things He is not please with , His love never changes, He just tries to show us that He is still right there for us. Smile, be happy, let your enemies see Jesus in you. God bless:):):)
May 22, 2015- Edit- Delete
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Thomas Loftis
Thomas Loftis The hardest command that I find to do is to forgive and love your enemies, I'm so sick and tired of being blamed for things that I do not do, it's been going on all my life. I started to really study God's word about 10 years ago almost daily and this has driven all my friends off and my family don't want to hear it, I feel alone now to the point of not wanting to be around people and I feel as though I have nothing to live for.
May 23, 2015
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member 4)No matter what we see in this life that people do, we are not their judge, God will be the ultimate judge and if we will just pray and believe that if they are doing wrong, that they will see what they are doing is wrong and come to Jesus. Jesus is the great forgiver and we don't have to worry, just pray and trust and have faith for those in time of need. Lets just love them and leave the judging up to God. God bless each and everyone:):):)
May 23, 2015- Edit- Delete
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<i>Deleted Member</i>
Deleted Member Thomas, Jesus is a reason for living beyond anything else. Even when we feel like our family and friends have turned against us, I have been through that too for many years, but I just put them in God's Hands and let Him handle them. I know it is easier said than done, but please don't give up, trust Jesus like you have never before and let Him guide your footsteps and directs your path. He will walk with you. God bless and keep you in Jesus Name:):):)
May 23, 2015- Edit- Delete
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Richard Mondello
Richard Mondello 1)He flat out told the Pharisee who He really was,God and man. Because as God,He established the Sabbath from the time He rested from creating all things. Him being Lord of the Sabbath,He alone has the power to dictate what can be done on His day of rest. Also Jesus was conveying the message that it is never wrong to do good for others weather on the sabbath or any other day of the week.
May 24, 2015
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Richard Mondello
Richard Mondello 2)Pray for understanding and wisdom from God. Trust God in every area of our lives even when we don't understand what's going on. Read His word daily and spend time with God asking for His guidance throughout the day. Seeking God's face through prayer during hardships,illness,struggle and loss of loved ones or friends;even through the tears when it seems impossible to do so.............
May 24, 2015
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Richard Mondello
Richard Mondello 3)Only a partial answer for 3,I'm still learning from and trusting Him to do so in my own life. But,I would say,reflecting on how Christ suffered,died and still forgave us despite of how we are.It is impossible for us to live this on our own so we need to pray for God's help in being obedient in this way.
May 24, 2015
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Richard Mondello
Richard Mondello 4)Jesus is the righteous judge appointed by God from the beginning...We have NO authority to do so! All we need to do is focus on and deal with our own short comings,bad habits and relationship with God. Being concerned with others only about their spiritual well being through Jesus and speaking His truth in love without condemnation. That turns people off about Him and we should strive for our lives to be a witness for Jesus even without speaking a word. What we do for others and how we treat others speaks volumes........
May 24, 2015
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Richard Mondello
Richard Mondello 5)Ask Jesus to help us make time to spend with Him and in His word at the beginning of our day,every day. Ask the Holy Spirit to help us understand what we are reading,to bring it back to our memory and how to apply it to our life every day. And,ask Jesus to help us live the life we profess to have in Him with obedience to everything He has taught us through His word and life experiences He's allowed us to go through.............
May 24, 2015
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Sylvia Todd
Sylvia Todd Thomas, many of our family members are not believers either or at best not living for the Lord, nor a number of my friends. All the more reason we pray for them daily, especially our family. I pray that the Lord grants you an extra measure of strength and patience, and the comfort of the Holy Spirit, in the name of Jesus!
May 24, 2015
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Sylvia Todd
Sylvia Todd For sure, Lorna, we all have flaws, which I'm sure look even worse than we think in God's eyes. Thankful for His grace!
May 24, 2015
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Sylvia Todd
Sylvia Todd Amen, Richard, we can really do nothing truly well without His help!
May 24, 2015
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Sylvia Todd
Sylvia Todd Agreed, we need to lean on him for wisdom, and we are all still learning :).
May 24, 2015
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Sylvia Todd
Sylvia Todd Amen, Carol, gossip is certainly something that's still pretty rampant in many churches. We are called to be better than that.
May 24, 2015
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Sylvia Todd
Sylvia Todd Amen, we all need more of His love and vision!
May 24, 2015
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Thomas Loftis
Thomas Loftis Well I think my family members are believers in Christ they just don't live by the King James Bible. Most of these versions fit me well but I'm always talked about and people here everyone else's side of the story but don't here mine, even my wife lies about me, puts me down, makes fun of me and because I try to follow in the footsteps of Jesus I am put down. I hate this world and want to get out of it, I'm to the point of taking my life for God gave us free will and we were not asked to be brought into this world but something keeps me from doing it, I have no purpose here.
May 28, 2015
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Thomas Loftis
Thomas Loftis It's hard to Love someone who doesn't love you back, when it's your own spouse it's really hard and I know her life's story and what bothers her and how she is. I've been talking to a girl (just friends) that is a Mennonite and she has send me the address of the church she goes to and I'm thinking about going, I've read a lot about them and I believe more of what they believe than any other church I've been too. They live by the New Testament of Christ and I've thought for a few years that we should read and learn from the Old but live by the New Testament but I can't seem to make no one understand this until I read about the Mennonites though there is different beliefs among them.
May 28, 2015
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Delores Greenwood
Delores Greenwood amen!
June 8, 2015